By Slavoj Zizek, Georg Lukács, Georg Lukacs, Slovoj Zizek, John Rees, Esther Leslie
Georg Lukacs was once dubbed "the thinker of the October Revolution" and his masterpiece heritage and sophistication awareness (1923) is often held to be the foundational textual content for the culture often called "Western Marxism" consisting of the paintings of Theodor Adorno, Walter Benjamin, Ernst Bloch, Max Horkheimer, and Herbert Marcuse. despite the fact that, because the freeing energies of the Russian Revolution have been sapped via Stalinism, Lukacs used to be subjected to ferocious assault for "deviations" from the "party line". within the mid-1920s, Lukacs wrote a sustained and passionate reaction to this onslaught. Unpublished on the time, Lukacs himself notion the textual content have been destroyed. despite the fact that, a gaggle of researchers lately stumbled on the manuscript amassing dirt within the newly opened data of the CPSU in Moscow. Now, for the 1st time, this attention-grabbing, polemical and severe textual content comes in English. it's a the most important a part of a hidden highbrow historical past and may rework interpretations of Lukacs's oeuvre.
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It is a replica of a booklet released earlier than 1923. This ebook could have occasional imperfections resembling lacking or blurred pages, negative photographs, errant marks, and so forth. that have been both a part of the unique artifact, or have been brought via the scanning procedure. We think this paintings is culturally vital, and regardless of the imperfections, have elected to carry it again into print as a part of our carrying on with dedication to the upkeep of published works around the globe.
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Additional resources for A Defence of History and Class Consciousness: tailism and the dialectic
Within the treatment of 'the observation of nature,' the opening section on simple description9 is very much a sim ple Lockean-style empiricism, while the closing sections on the observa tion of organic nature10 are clearly derived from the Schellingean school. Yet what both share at decisive points is the commitment to the discovery Reason and Dualism 35 of a simple, observable being, which will determine the identity or intelli gibility of that being studied; the initial approach tries to establish identity through a simple enumeration of observable features/ 1 while the culminating form seeks the essence of the embodiment of life in e-numerating differences in 'specific gravity,' here taken as an observable property which accounts for all other bodily properties.
The most immediate form o f a dualism o f self and body appears i n the dynamic of desire at the beginning of Chapter IV, 'Self-Consciousness' (which will come up for consideration in Chapter 3) ; here the positing of self as independent and immediately self-present reality was non reflective, and the body from which it was differentiated was all otherness. The second dualism that anticipates reason appears as the stoicism we considered in Chapter 1; here the self was explicitly posited as an inde pendent determinate being, and the body of nature from which it was dif ferentiated was equally posited as a self-contained determinate being.
The exp erienced world is thus of the stoic's own making, and in the quality of her world she must learn to recognize a reflection of herself. Thus, in and only in the immediate products of her own choice (as simple assent to the world or dissent from it) the stoic self has self-consciousness. 15 In sum, then, the stoic self is self-conscious in and through the self determined abstract evaluations she directs at an alien world, which serves as the matter for her evaluation. From this conception of the sim ple independence of self-conscious selfhood that indifferently character izes anyone who can say 'I,' we turn to Hegel's account of scepticism16 and to the argument- which equally applies indifferently to all 'I's- that the I is not one sphere of being set off against another, but is, rather, the totality of one's experienced reality.
A Defence of History and Class Consciousness: tailism and the dialectic by Slavoj Zizek, Georg Lukács, Georg Lukacs, Slovoj Zizek, John Rees, Esther Leslie