By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin
Including half 1 of a similar grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main targeted and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with eastern of the outdated eastern language of the Yamato zone in the course of the Asuka Nara interval. It provides countless numbers of examples drawn not just from the foremost outdated eastern texts comparable to the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but additionally from all minor extant texts akin to the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. additionally it is comparative fabric from jap outdated jap as soon as spoken within the quarter approximately equivalent to present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and sometimes from different surrounding languages. half 2 is observed by way of exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical varieties defined, linguistic types, own names, in addition to an index of all outdated jap texts which are used as examples within the description.
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Extra resources for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions
This pronoun functions as an informal or pejorative pronoun. Examples: Old Ryukyuan :}3iJ~~~J: "J :}3;bJ: "J tt. o-ga ya-fe-yori owa-yor-i na you-POSS home-side-ABL come(HON)-approach-INF PT Did [you] come from your home? uva-ga du basika-N thou-NOM PT bad-FIN You are bad (Nohara 1998: 372) vva ndza-lJkai ga ik-Y you where-LOC PT go-FIN Where are you going? (Nohara 1998: 381) The familiar and pejorative pronouns very often reflect the original pronominal system. 6, it seems reasonable to assume that WOJ ore and PR *o-ra represent the original proto-Japonic second person pronoun: singular *;:) and plural *;:)-ra.
It is quite possible that Western Old Japanese ik- 'to go,' i 'sacred' and imey 'dream' were actually pronounced as /yik-/, /yi/, and /yimey/. However, the evidence here is not as conclusive as in the other examples, so I spell these three words in the traditional way. ' Thus, I believe I was able to present some compelling evidence in favor of the fact that the syllables /yi/ and /wu/ probably were present in Western Old Japanese SECOND PERSON PRONOUN ORE The second person pronoun ore can be both singular and plural.
1967: 896). lX) 'last night' (MYS II: 150). This is the only phonetic attestation of this word in the Western Old Japanese part of the Man 'yoshii. Interestingly enough, Omodaka et al. transcribe this word in the same poem as kyiso in the entry on kyiso 'last night' (1967: 241). In addition, the same word is attested in Eastern Old Japanese four times in MYS XIV: 3505, 3522, 3550, and 3563 written as ftit /kyisol with a voiceless lsi. IX was read Isol and I think that this word should be read as kyiso in Western Old Japanese as well.
A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin