By Robert B. Ewen
This seventh Edition helps scholars resolve the mysteries of human habit via its hugely readable advent to the information of the main major character theorists.
Engaging biographical sketches commence each one bankruptcy, and specific tablet summaries support scholars evaluation key concepts. Theories come alive throughout the inclusion of quotations from the theorists’ writings and diverse functions similar to dream interpretation, psychopathology, and psychotherapy.
Significant adjustments within the seventh version contain a longer dialogue of the sensible functions of character concept, with an emphasis on instructions that could aid humans bring up their self-knowledge, make higher judgements, and reside extra pleasing lives.
Fictionalized yet true-to-life examples illustrating the perils of insufficient self-knowledge contain students, mom and dad, terrorists, enterprise executives, and politicians, whereas different examples exhibit the confident results that could end result from a greater figuring out of one’s unconscious.
This seventh variation additionally incorporates a extra broad dialogue of ways an absence of self-understanding prompted problems for such famous theorists as Freud and Erikson, and a brand new part that explains how habit might be strongly stimulated by means of the placement in addition to through one’s personality.
Finally, a brand new interactive website offers perform try questions and different themes of interest.
Read or Download An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition PDF
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition
It condemns the id’s illicit impulses as severely as actual misdeeds, but can directly influence only the ego. Therefore, both forbidden impulses and unacceptable behaviors cause tension to be generated between the superego and the ego, and this is experienced by the ego as guilt or moral anxiety. (Thus Freudian theory regards the idea of a “guilty conscience” as a misnomer. ) You feel guilty and anxious not only when you do something wrong, but also when you want to do something wrong, even if your illicit wishes are beyond your awareness.
Neurotic anxiety concerns the harm that will result from yielding to a powerful and dangerous id impulse. Moral anxiety is caused by acts or wishes that violate one’s standards of right and wrong (the superego, discussed later) and includes feelings of shame and guilt. These two sources of anxiety are more difficult to deal with because they are intrapsychic, and cannot be escaped by such simple physical actions as running away. The Defense Mechanisms. To cope with severe threats from the id (or from the superego or external world) and with the associated anxiety, the ego may resort to various defense mechanisms.
If a relatively large amount is usurped by one component of personality, or is expended in pathological forms of behavior, less will be available for other components or for healthy activities. Freud refers to the psychic energy associated with the sexual instinct as libido, but offers no name for aggressive energy. Since virtually all behavior involves a fusion of sexuality and destructiveness, however, libido may be considered to refer to both varieties of psychic energy (Brenner, 1973/1974, p.
An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition by Robert B. Ewen