Anthropologie de la guerre by Sigmund Freud PDF

By Sigmund Freud

ISBN-10: 2213637644

ISBN-13: 9782213637648

Malaise dans los angeles civilisation (1931) et Considération actuelle sur l. a. guerre et l. a. mort (1915), les deux textes présentés ici dans leur model originale et dans une nouvelle traduction française, nous font découvrir un Freud « politique », qui réfléchit sur l. a. guerre et cherche à intégrer ces réflexions dans une recherche plus spécifiquement psychanalytique sur les motives permanentes des conflits en général.
Dans le texte de 1915, Freud déplore naturellement los angeles guerre en en montrant les effets dévastateurs sur l. a. tradition en général, mais il y voit aussi los angeles possibilité d’exprimer, passant outre les effets de censure, l. a. violence « primitive » des pulsions, qu’il est useless de vouloir constamment réprimer.

En 1931, Malaise dans los angeles civilisation marque l’intégration à los angeles théorie freudienne de los angeles idea de pulsion de mort, mise au jour par los angeles psychanalyste russe Sabina Spielrein. Si los angeles place qu’adopte Freud dans ce texte à l’égard de l. a. guerre imminente peut sembler fataliste, ce serait le trahir que de réduire son perspective à l. a. résignation. Freud est convaincu que le consentement à los angeles guerre n’est pas simplement le fait de ceux qui vont se rendre coupables de l. a. déclencher, mais qu’il a des racines plus profondes et qu’il exerce ainsi de manière très insidieuse sa séduction sur de très vastes cercles. Il comprend aussi très vite ce que sera l’« esprit de Munich », dont il constate les prodromes dans les atermoiements de l. a. SDN.

Ces deux textes essentiels sont suivis d’une nouvelle traduction de los angeles lettre à Albert Einstein datée de 1933, intitulée Pourquoi los angeles guerre ?

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Scientists also employ this kind of open observation and educated intuition to arrive at new theoretical ideas when they are dealing with areas about which very little is known. A welldocumented example of this is Watson and Crick's inspired guess about the structure of DNA, based on data from X-ray crystallography. But ± and here is the crux of the difference between psychoanalysis and the experimental sciences ± when scientists arrive at conjectures, they frame them in the form of hypotheses and design experiments to test them.

All four stem from a need to ®nd in psychoanalysis the promise of mitigating the impact of those aspects of life that can only be suffered: death, birth, love, hatred, ignorance and fear of the unfamiliar. But this security is clearly contrary to what psychoanalysis has to offer. Psychoanalysis in its proper sense does not provide illusions to help avoid suffering, but rather helps one to tolerate unavoidable suffering. Freud himself summed up the effect of psychoanalysis as transforming ``hysterical misery into 38 ORIGINS OF PSYCHOANALYSIS IN ART OF MEDICINE common human suffering'' [9].

It has nothing to do with science, since it cannot be reproduced under controlled conditions. But the evidence is there. The members of the society took great trouble to interview ®rsthand witnesses as soon as possible after the events, and to document the stories carefully. One fact that emerges clearly from the stories 25 BUILDING OUT INTO THE DARK is that paranormal events occur, if they occur at all, only when people are under stress and experiencing strong emotion. This fact would immediately explain why paranormal phenomena are not observable under the conditions of a well-controlled scienti®c experiment.

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Anthropologie de la guerre by Sigmund Freud


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