By Mehmet Yavas
Applied English Phonology has been greatly revised and improved, utilizing an available kind and various workouts to discover the elemental facets of the English sound method.
- Covers the elemental facets of the English sound procedure, together with uncomplicated phonetic components; phonemics; allophonic principles of English consonants and vowels; phonotactics; and pressure and intonation
- Includes fresh sections on U.S. nearby vowel shifts, sociophonetic diversifications, and the position of belief and Optimality idea near to moment language phonology
- Accompanied by new sound documents for various transcription workouts
- Incorporates broad workouts to help scholars in knowing and assimilating the fabric extra successfully
- Supported via an teachers’ handbook for teachers, on hand on booklet at www.wiley.com/go/yavas
Chapter 1 Phonetics (pages 1–29):
Chapter 2 Phonology (pages 30–56):
Chapter three English Consonants (pages 57–76):
Chapter four English Vowels (pages 77–99):
Chapter five Acoustics of Vowels and Consonants (pages 100–130):
Chapter 6 Syllables (pages 131–155):
Chapter 7 tension and Intonation (pages 156–182):
Chapter eight Structural components in moment Language Phonology (pages 183–229):
Chapter nine Spelling and Pronunciation (pages 230–248):
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Extra resources for Applied English Phonology, Second Edition
In a way similar to what happened in the above case with different nasals in English, Spanish speakers overlook the phonetically different sounds, because their language does not employ the phonetic difference between these two sounds in a structurally significant fashion. If, on the other hand, we give two words containing the same two sounds to a speaker of English, the difference between  and [D] will be immediately noticed. The reason for this is that the difference between these two sounds is very critical in English and can separate one word from another, as exemplified by the pair of words day [de] and they [De].
SUMMARY In this chapter, we examined the basic elements of phonetics, which are prerequisites to understanding the patterning of sounds. We looked at the fundamentals of articulatory phonetics including voicing, places and manners of articulation, voice onset time, and dimensions that are relevant for vocalic articulations such as tongue height and backness, as well as lip positions. We also reviewed some common non-English sounds that might be of relevance. Finally, we had a brief account of syllable and suprasegmental features such as stress, tone, intonation, and length.
For example, the sounds [i] and [E] belong to separate phonemes, /i/ and /E/ respectively, because English possesses minimal pairs such as bead [bid] – bed [bEd], Pete [pit] – pet [pEt]. Since the change in meaning in these pairs of words is due to the substitution of these vowels for each other, there can be no question about their contrastiveness. However, for certain vocabulary items such as economics, which may be pronounced as [Ek@namIks] or [ik@namIks], the two vowels in question occur in an overlapping distribution but without creating a change in meaning.
Applied English Phonology, Second Edition by Mehmet Yavas