By Segun Adelana, Alan MacDonald
Groundwater is Africa’s most beneficial normal source, supplying trustworthy water offers for plenty of people. extra improvement of groundwater assets is key to expanding entry to secure water around the continent to satisfy assurance objectives and decrease poverty. there's additionally an expanding curiosity within the use of groundwater for irrigated agriculture because the weather turns into extra variable. Sustainable improvement of the source isn't a trivial job and relies crucially on an realizing of the hydrogeology and other people with the talents to make educated judgements on how groundwater can top be built and controlled in a sustainable model. regardless of those seen wishes, even though, little consciousness has been paid to the systematic collecting of knowledge approximately groundwater assets long ago few a long time, with the outcome that info are patchy, wisdom is proscribed and funding is poorly targeted. This ebook was once written to begin to bridge the data hole. The 29 chapters are written through a mix of practitioners and researchers ordinarily from inside Africa utilizing event from fresh and ongoing projects. The chapters spotlight the complexity and diversity of concerns surrounding the improvement and administration of groundwater assets throughout Africa, and supply a picture of groundwater learn and alertness within the early twenty first century. Chapters diversity from strategic discussions of the function of groundwater in improvement and poverty relief, to case experiences on options used to enhance groundwater, and modelling tools for coping with groundwater systems.
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Extra info for Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa: IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology, Volume 13
The cost of a hand-augered well is in the region of US$50 to $300, depending on ∗ International Labour Organisation Groundwater development for poverty alleviation 35 Figure 4. Examples of low cost drilling techniques. Top left hand percussion, top right hand augering, bottom left sludging, bottom right jetting or washboring. the depth, a cost which compares very favourably with the more traditional hand-dug well (up to 5 times as much) and a deeper borehole, which can cost in the region of US$5000 to $20,000.
Foster, S. S. D. 1995. Hydrogeological characterisation and water-supply potential of basement aquifers in tropical Africa. Hydrogeology Journal, 3, 36–49. Farr, J. , Spray, P. R. & Foster, S. S. D. 1982. Groundwater supply exploration in semi-arid regions for livestock extension – a technical and economic appraisal. Water Supply & Management, 6, 343–353. Foster, S. S. D. 1984. African groundwater development: the challenges for hydrologic science. In: Challenges in African Hydrology & Water Resources, IAHS Publications 144, 3–12.
This volume. Elson, R. & Shaw, R. 1995. Technical Brief No 43: Simple Drilling Methods. Waterlines, 13 (3) 5–18. Getachew, H. 2004. UNICEF Study on Groundwater and Requirements for Drilling and Other Systems Tapping Groundwater in Ethiopia. Paper for International Groundwater Conference, Addis Ababa, 25–27 May 2004. Haysom, A. 2006. A study of the factors affecting sustainability of rural water supplies in Tanzania. Unpublished MSc thesis, Cranfield University, Silsoe, UK. JMP 2006. Meeting the MDG drinking water and sanitation target: the urban and rural challenge of the decade.
Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa: IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology, Volume 13 by Segun Adelana, Alan MacDonald